Electronic waste, environmental destruction
In past man lived in forests and caves, then as he progressed he cut down forests and built mud houses there. As soon as he saw it, he started living in houses made of mud and stone from caves and then in palaces. Then further development took place where man used pottery, gold and silver utensils were used, dams were built for water storage and electricity was produced from energy (electricity, oil, gas, coal) for lighting. To make use of this electricity, man developed TVs, VCRs, refrigerators, radios, geysers, heaters, irons and computers and others that are used in everyday life today. Man has invent all these things, but he has not been attracted to the effects of the inventions of these devices on the environment. These used devices today become difficult to dispose of them after use because the gases emitted from their disposal have a severe negative impact on the environment.
Westerners and scientists soon realized this, so they started selling discarded electrical appliances to South Asian countries such as Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and China, thus ruining the environment in the West. They also get some money for this electronic garbage.
Pakistan imports millions of tons of electronic waste every year, including computers, monitors, keyboards, mobile phones, TVs, refrigerators and other items from Western countries. In the lure of precious metals like gold and silver, local traders, unaware of the losses, are increasing their imports every year, wreaking havoc on the environment. About 40 million computers in the United States became obsolete in 2001 and were sold to Pakistan, India and China at ten times lower prices. Are done. Govet agencies are not taking any appropriate steps to address the damage caused by this electronic waste.
Although there are laws in Pakistan under which no scrap can enter the country which is extremely dangerous and harmful to the health of the people, but some officials of some institutions is imported easily. In all cities except Lahore, this waste can be seen everywhere, which is bought by some plastic workers and melted down to make various metals such as enium, beryllium, vanadium, uterium and selenium. They put them to their factories which are mostly located at Band Road, Shafiqabad, Multan Road, Ferozepur Road, Shahida and Ferozwala while some have set-up such laboratories in Faisal Town and other urban areas. Estimation is that 25 to 30 tonnes of plastic is extracted every month in the vicinity of Lahore alone and it is gradually increasing which is also increasing the pollution. If this situation continues like this, then in the next ten years, the whole region will be polluted and every nation will be afflicted with some disease. According to a report, out of 27 kg of computer waste, plastic is 6.2 kg, lead is 0.7 kg, silica is 0.8 kg, aluminum is 3.8 kg, iron is 5.8 kg and copper is 1.9 kg. Zero 0.3 kg, zinc 0.6 kg, ton 0.2 kg, while gold, silver, arsenic, mercury, indium, etrium, tetanum, cobalt, chromium, cadmium, selenium, beryllium, tetalum Significant amounts of Veena Dam and Aeropam are also released.
Doctors and experts say that when this waste is melted down with acid and potassium cyanide, extremely deadly gases are released, which causes deadly and incurable diseases like throat, respiratory, lung, chest and cancer. That is why most of the workers and employees working in plastic factories suffer from these diseases.
Residents of Gujranwala say that scrap is the most common work in their city, while large factories on Sheikhupura Road emit toxic fumes day and night and despite repeated complaints, no steps have been taken to stop them. ۔ These toxic gases produced by recycling are affecting not only humans but also animals, birds and river creatures. To reduce
discharge of toxic gases, it is necessary to stop the import of computer waste and others and make strict laws.
Our country’s customs officials understand their responsibilities and are working hard to prevent the importation of illegal goods into the country, but the customs system needs to be tightened so that some greedy business class does not import such electronic devices. Who are causing environmental degradation. The Ministry of Environment should take action against these plastic smelting factories in the country and revoke their licenses in order to control the emission of toxic gases and diseases in the country.